What the Bible Says About Divorce: Understanding Christian viewpoints on Marriage Dissolution

Divorce is never an easy decision, and it can be even more challenging when considering it through the lens of one’s faith. As Christians, we turn to the Bible for guidance and understanding on matters such as this. Indeed, the Bible contains several verses that discuss the dissolution of marriage, revealing the complexity of this topic and the differing views that exist within the Christian community.

The Bible’s View of Marriage

Christians believe that marriage is a sacred bond between two individuals that mirrors the union between Christ and his church. In the Book of Genesis, God created man and woman and instructed them to “be fruitful and multiply” and to become “one flesh” (Genesis 1:28, 2:24). Jesus reiterates this concept in the New Testament, saying, “Therefore what God has joined together, let no one separate” (Mark 10:9).

Thus, Christians believe that the marriage covenant is binding and intended to be lifelong. Couples are expected to fulfill their marital obligations, including mutual respect, emotional support, and physical intimacy, as outlined in the New Testament (Ephesians 5:21-33). Both partners are also encouraged to facilitate each other’s spiritual growth.

What the Bible Says About Divorce

Despite the Bible’s emphasis on the sanctity of marriage, it recognizes that divorce may sometimes be necessary. In Matthew 19:3-9, the Pharisees question Jesus about whether divorce is lawful, and Jesus responds by clarifying that divorce is only permissible in the case of adultery. Otherwise, a couple who divorces and remarries commits adultery.

Similarly, Paul addresses divorce in his letters to the Corinthians (1 Corinthians 7:10-16). He states that if a believer is married to a non-believer, the believer should not divorce their spouse. However, if the non-believing partner decides to leave, then the believer is free to divorce and remarry. While these Biblical verses may offer some clarity on divorce, they still leave many Christians with questions and uncertainty about this subject.

Christian Viewpoints on Divorce

Christians have differing views when it comes to divorce. Some believe that divorce should be an absolute last resort and only permissible under limited circumstances, such as adultery, abuse, or neglect. Others argue that divorce should be a viable option for couples in unhappy or unfulfilling marriages, as it may allow them to find greater happiness and fulfillment elsewhere.

Some have also noted that both Jesus and Paul only provide limited guidance on divorce, suggesting that the Bible’s viewpoint on this matter may not be as black and white as some may believe. As a result, some Christians may take a more nuanced approach when it comes to divorce, recognizing that each situation may require its own unique solution.


Ultimately, the Bible’s perspective on divorce is complex, and it may be challenging to reconcile it with modern realities, particularly when it comes to cases of abuse, infidelity, or emotional turmoil. However, Christians can find solace and guidance in prayer, seeking counsel from religious leaders, and following their conscience.

Whether one chooses to seek out divorce or to remain in a struggling marriage, Christians believe in forgiveness and compassion for all parties involved. Christ calls on his followers to love and support one another, even during the most difficult and trying times. By embracing these core Christian values, individuals can find peace and hope through the challenges of divorce and marital strife.

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